(Pop: 33,100) (Māori:
Tūranga-nui-a-Kiwa, "The place where 'Kiwa' -
of the Tākitimu waka - stood") is the name of the largest settlement
within the Gisborne Region of northeastern New Zealand.
The Gisborne region is located in the northeastern corner of the North
Island and is also referred to as the East Cape or East Coast or Eastland
region. It is a sparsely inhabited and isolated region, with small
settlements mainly clinging to small bays along the eastern shore including
Tokomaru Bay and Tolaga Bay.
Located 233 kms north of Napier, Gisborne is a sunny prosperous river port
city where the Waimata and Taruheru rivers adjoin the city, giving it a
Inland from Gisborne, the land
is rough, predominantly forested, hill country. Te Urewera National Park is
located in the west of the region, and the Kaingaroa Forest is located
further west of that. A spine of rough ridges dominates the centre of the
region, culminating in the impressive bulk of the 1620 metre Mount Hikurangi
in the region's northeast.
This mountain is the fifth highest mountain in the North Island, and the
highest that is not a volcano. Regarded as sacred by the Māori, there is
some justification to the claims that this is the first mountain to see the
sun in summer.
Gisborne is the business and administrative centre for the Eastland region,
a region that has an abundance of wilderness with miles of golden sandy
beaches, also produces wines, beef, lamb and market gardening production.
Surrounded by rich flat lands and mountains, Gisborne is the closet to the
international Dateline and sees the sunrise before any other city in the
Gisborne city maintains a rural charm and is a popular holiday spot. Local
industries include agriculture, horticulture, farming and forestry. Wine
production is also valuable to the local economy. It is sometimes known as
the City of Rivers as the centre of the city is the convergence of three
Eastland was the first land
sight seeing by Captain Cook and also early Maori and European history.
Eastland is part of the Pacific Coast Highway.
Gisborne is served by regular
bus and coach services to and from Auckland, Hamilton, Tauranga, Palmerston North, Napier, Hastings
and Wellington and by
Air New Zealand Link services from Auckland, Hamilton
There are no passenger train or rail services from Gisborne to Auckland, Rotorua,
Tauranga, Taupo, Napier, Hastings, Palmerston North or Wellington.